What determines labor productivity?
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What determines labor productivity? lessons from the dramatic recovery of the U.S. and Canadian iron-ore industries since their early 1980s crisis by James Andrew Schmitz

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Published by Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis in [Minneapolis, Minn.] .
Written in English



  • United States.,
  • Canada.


  • Iron industry and trade -- United States.,
  • Iron industry and trade -- Canada.,
  • Iron industry and trade -- Labor productivity.

Book details:

Edition Notes

StatementJames A. Schmitz, Jr..
SeriesFederal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Research Department staff report ;, 286, Staff report (Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Research Dept. : Online) ;, 286.
LC ClassificationsHB1
The Physical Object
FormatElectronic resource
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3476460M
LC Control Number2005615979

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  Labor productivity, also known as workforce productivity, is defined as real economic output per labor hour. Growth in labor productivity is measured by .   At the national level, labor productivity is calculated as gross domestic product divided by the aggregate number of labor hours worked in the country. As this number increases, it is presumed to reflect an increase in the standard of living within the country. labor saving techniques and substituting equipment for labor. Figure depicts construction labor productivity changes as opposed to all non-farm industries from A study by. Figure Labor productivity index for US construction industry and all non-farm industries from through (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics ). 14File Size: KB. Labor productivity is the most common measure of this type, though occasionally capital or even materials produc- tivity measures are used. Of course, single- factor productivity levels are affected by the Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. XLIX (June ) intensity of use of the excluded inputs.

reflect differences in productivity, but also in the number of working hours. Furthermore, wage growth is often determined by supervisor evaluations, which might reflect bias due to gender or migration background. Both labor productivity and wages have their shortcomings when it comes to assessing workers’ productivity. The two most important measures of labour productivity are: • the effectiveness with which labour is used in the construction process; • the relative efficiency of labour doing what it is required to do at a given time and place. BOOK I: Of the division of labor. Adam Smith begins by stating that the greatest improvements in the productive power of labor lie in the division of labor. Even in the production of very simple products, division of labor always increases productivity exponentially. Smith offers three reasons for this increase in productivity. “Productivity is measured generally by the output per hour of input.”3 “Productivity: [A] relative measure of labor efficiency, either good or bad, when compared to an established base or norm as determined from an area of great experience. Productivity changes may be either an increase or decrease in cost.”4.

Productivity is the relationship between the quantity of output (goods and services produced) and the quantity of input (i.e., re-sources such as labor, materials, machinery, and energy) that are used in production. Productivity = Output/Input Productivity is concerned with .   I recently finished reading Adam Smith’s landmark book, The Wealth of Nations. It was written in and is widely considered to be the basis of the study of economics. One of the few interesting points I grabbed from the book was how Adam Smith defined productivity. Smith divided up labor into two broad categories, [ ]. What determines how productive workers are? The answer is pretty intuitive. The first determinant of labor productivity is human capital. Human capital is the accumulated knowledge (from education and experience), skills, and expertise that the average worker in an economy possesses. Typically the higher the average level of education in an. Labor productivity, for example, is measured by dividing output by hours worked, number of employees, or labor cost. Capital productivity is arrived at by dividing output by money invested or machine hours used. Materials productivity is output divided by units of materials used, units of scrap, or money spent.